Traditional Qashqai kilim rugs (kilim in Turkish, Persian gilim, “coarse woven blanket”) is the designation of a variety of well-known Persian weavings. But also the name of the technique used for its manufacture. Persian kilims are mainly produced by nomads who make carpets (without fringes) as well as bags and curtains for tents. The best known Persian kilims are Kilim Sumakh, Kilim Senneh, Kilim Fars and Kilim Ghashghai.
Exquisite traditional Qashqai kilim rugs
In the East, millions of people today still have a nomadic lifestyle. And sheep farming is their main source of income. Black tent camps made of goat wool, large flocks of sheep and goats, and shepherds perched on their donkeys and horses are a fascinating feature of the landscape.
However, much of the nomadic culture is disappearing as more and more nomads settle down. One of the contributing causes is that they find places where conditions are so good that they can stay longer. Therefore, they have no reason to move. Slowly but surely, they are transformed into what we could call “sedentary nomads”. Today, most nomads move with the help of jeeps and motorcycles. A show very different from the image that we once had of a nomad and his dromedary for example.
Where kilim rug come from?
kilim are also made in several other regions and, besides the Persians, you will find Afghan, Turkish and Moldovan kilims on the market. Examples of Afghan kilims: Galmuri, Maimane, Maliki and Golbarjasta. Baluchi nomads living near the border between Afghanistan and Iran also weave kelims, often in darker colors.
Some of the woven kilims also contain knotted details, such as the Golbarjasta kilims from Afghanistan. Which creates a very aesthetic relief surface on the rug (see illustration on the right).
Style of Qashqai kilim rugs
Traditional Qashqai kilim rugs come in a multitude of different colors and patterns. The patterns are mostly rectangular or with flowers and sharp details, which comes from the weaving technique employed. Kilims are now very popular because they fit easily into elegant and minimalist environments. They also find their place in many homes thanks to their many possibilities of use. Many people like to hang their kilims on the wall in place of a board or use them as bedspreads. Which gives an oriental feel to the house. A big advantage with a kilim is that most of them are reversible and can be turned over when they are dirty, which prolongs their life.
Iran also has a long tradition in weaving kilims and when making a kilim. The patterns are created by the weft threads themselves and patterns are created on the carpet by turning the thread. Turning the wire creates a small cavity that should not be too big. It is with this technique that the traditional models of kelim stair treads are created and the carpet looks the same on both sides. The ends of the threads are usually hidden. But there are other methods of manufacture where the threads hang freely on the back of the carpet. For example the Sumakh kilim (see the illustration opposite).
These are exclusively natural materials that are used in making kilims, such as wool. Sometimes with silk weft threads for finer kilims. The coloring of the wool is based on plants and minerals. That contribute to the natural and beautiful colors of the carpets. The choice of materials makes carpets have a long life. And it is now possible to find both antique kilims and semi-antique kilims, although it is a little more difficult.